Writer's WebThe Toulmin Model of Argumentation
Joe Essid, University of Richmond Writing Center
David Wright, Furman University English Department
Athena Hensel, UR Writing Consultant

One method of constructing or analyzing a persuasive argument is the Toulmin model, named for its creator, British rhetorician Stephen Toulmin. The method involves breaking an argument down into six basic parts, objectively weighing and supporting points both for and against the argument. Below, Prof. David Furman has provided a video outlining the uses and parts of the Toulmin model of argumentation.

Transcribed notes:

 1. The Toulmin model breaks an argument down into six main parts:

  2. The Toulmin method can be used as a framework to test an argument's validity by identifying the claim, evidence, warrants, backing, possible rebuttals, and possible qualifiers. In an academic essay, the warrant and backing would be allotted the most in-depth discussion because these aspects are normally unstated and taken for granted in casual arguments.

3. The Toulmin model provides writers with a way to formulate or test an argument in detail, but:

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