Various Forms of Narrative
The list below contains
twelve different narrative techniques. When deciding which technique
to use for a certain narrative, a narrator must consider the audience
of his or her project and the goals he or she are trying to accomplish.
See Choosing a Form of Narrative
to see which technique is best for you.
1. Descriptive Essay - This
type of writing describes in vivid detail people, places, events,
and things important to the narrator.
2. Narration Essay - This type of writing illustrates an action
or event in which the narrator loses something and finds something
new or grows from the experience.
3. How-To Essay - This type
of writing lets a narrator describe what he or she knows how to
do, using examples to illustrate his or her talents.
4. Comparison and Contrast
Essay - This type of writing asks the narrator to compare how
his or her life is different from how he or she expected it to
5. Division and Classification
Essay - This type of writing categorizes feelings, actions, or
events in the life of a narrator, helping him or her to draw a
6. Cause and Effect Essay
- This type of writing reflects decisions and events that have
changed the life of the narrator.
7. The Definition Essay
- This type of writing allows the narrator to describe the role
or position he or she has or would like to have in the future.
8. Argument and Persuasion
Essay - This type of writing requires the narrator to try to change
the reader's mind by taking a stance on an issue, using at least
three supporting facts, and considering the opposing viewpoint.
9. Analytical Essay - This
type of writing asks the narrator to focus on a specific event
or action and to take it apart for analysis and clarification.
10. Formative Essay - This
type of writing follows the progress of an important event in
the life of the narrator and focuses on his or her problem solving
techniques and growth throughout the entirety of the project.
11. Summative Essay - This
type of writing is written at the end of an activity or event
as the narrator reflects over the results and his or her performance
12. Introspective Essay
- This type of writing lets the narrator examine his or her thoughts,
sensory experiences, and feelings about an event or action and
allows them to answer the question, "Who do I act or feel
Compiled from Writing
Personal Essays by Sheila Bender and Writing to Grow
by Mary Louise Holly.
Return to Table of Contents for The Narrative
Return to the Main Menu for the Consultants'